Symptoms And Treatment For Fungal Infection}

Posted by: AiRc8Vhp  :  Category: Skin Treatment

Submitted by: Kapal Bhati

Fungi is a group of organisms that include microscopic ones, like, yeast and mold, as well as bigger ones like, mushrooms. Various types of fungus are present on and inside the human body and most of them are beneficial. However, an overgrowth of beneficial fungi as well as presence of harmful fungi can both result in fungal infections, that can affect different body parts and can manifest themselves as infectious diseases. The symptoms of fungal infection differs with the affected body part and the causal agent. Scroll down to know more about fungal infection symptoms.

Symptoms of Fungal Infections

Fungal infections are divided into three types – superficial, systemic and opportunistic. Superficial fungal infections are very common and occur on the skin and mucous membranes of the body. There are various types of superficial fungal infections. This type of fungal infection is not considered to be life threatening, but may affect the quality of life and sometimes become a systemic disease and disorder. Some of the superficial fungal infections may also spread to other people. Unlike the first category, systemic fungal infections affect the organs inside the body as the fungus enters the blood stream.

This type is more severe, as compared to the first category and can be life threatening. The third type, called opportunistic fungal infections affect those with weak immune system and can be either superficial or systemic. These three categories have many sub-categories, which are classified on the basis of the affected body part and the type of fungus. The following are some of the most common types of infections caused by fungi, along with their various fungal infection symptoms.

Fungal Infections on Skin and Nails

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There are different types of fungal skin infections, like, ringworm, tinea versicolor, jock itch, athlete’s foot, etc. Fungus prefers the warm and moist areas of the skin and both molds and yeasts are found to affect the skin. Among the various types of fungal skin infections, athlete’s foot or Tinea pedis is the most common one and affects both men and women alike. It affects the web spaces between the toes and the skin of that part becomes soggy and itchy. It can turn pale and scaly too. Jock itch or ringworm of the groin (Tinea cruris) causes red rashes in the groin area.

These scales can be itchy and are commonly found in men who sweat a lot. Ringworm of the body or Tinea corporis is mostly seen in exposed areas, like, limbs and abdomen. These red rashes have scaly edges that surround clear skin. Ringworm of the scalp is otherwise known as Tinea capitis, which causes patches on the scalp with hair loss and swelling of that area. Fungus on skin includes nail fungus infections (onychomycosis) and ringworm of the nails or Tinea unguium is the most common one. This condition makes the nails thick and crumbly. Read more on ringworm in humans and toenail fungus.

Fungal Yeast Infections

Yeast is a type of fungus that is the causal agent of various fungal infections. Fungal infection of the mouth or oral thrush is characterized by a white coating of the tongue, inner cheeks, gums and tonsils. This coating, when scraped, may bleed and may also cause pain. Oral thrush is caused by Candida albicans fungus. This fungus may affect the esophagus and the intestines too. Candida albicans can also affect the mucous membrane of the vagina and the fungal infection symptoms in this case includes itchiness and thick white discharge, along with painful urination. In case of men, it causes painful red rashes on the tip of the penis. Read more on candidiasis and yeast infection treatment.

Fungal Infections of Internal Organs

Apart from the above mentioned types of fungal infections, there are many other types that affect the brain, lungs, etc. Fungal meningitis causes inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord and is caused by a fungus called Cryptococcus. Even though the fungal infection symptoms vary from one person to another, the most common ones are headaches, drowsiness, and confusion.

Another fungus, called Aspergillus, which is a mold, causes bloodstream infections in cancer and HIV/AIDS patients. Other fungal infections include coccidioidomycosis, also known as valley fever, blastomycosis, fungal arthritis, fungal sinus infection, histoplasmosis that affects vision, mucormycosis characterized by pain, fever, infection of eye socket, nasal discharge, etc. Read more on fungal infection in lungs and fungal ear infection.

Treatment for Skin Fungal Infections

Depressed immune system, use of antibiotics or corticosteroids and medical conditions like diabetes are predisposing factors for fungal infections. While treating fungal infections, you need to stop use of corticosteroids or antibiotics and control your diabetes. Treating the weakened immune system is important, in order to work the anti-fungal treatment effectively. Skin fungal infections are treated with anti fungal creams and medications.

Infected area should be kept dry and clean and scratching should be avoided. Use of mild hydrocortisone cream may prove beneficial to relieve itching. New broad-spectrum antifungals recommended for treating skin fungal infections are terbinafine, itraconazole and fluconazole. Medications and therapy regimen are selected on the basis of types and extent of infection. If fungal infection progresses to bacterial infection, then antibiotics are recommended. However, before you opt for any kind of treatment option, it is necessary to seek your doctors advice.

Now, you have some information about the various fungal infection symptoms associated with the different types of infections. Early diagnosis and treatment is very much important to prevent spread of infection and to get relief from the symptoms.

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The Truth About Acne Scar Laser Treatment}

Posted by: AiRc8Vhp  :  Category: Skin Treatment

The Truth About Acne Scar Laser Treatment


Tamsin Gray

Laser treatment for acne scars is a popular way of getting rid of acne scars even though it is a costly procedure. Before seeking acne scar laser treatment, you should be aware of the different types of laser treatment available and the possible risks involved.

Acne scar laser treatment uses a high-energy light beam to burn away layers of damaged skin tissue. By inhibiting the growth of bacteria and shrinking sebaceous oil glands, acne lesions can be successfully treated. Laser treatment can be very effective for certain types of acne scars and can significantly improve the appearance of the skin but it isn’t a magical cure that eradicates acne scars overnight.

There are two main types of lasers used in acne scar laser treatment, namely ablative (resurfacing) and non-ablative lasers. Ablative lasers burn away scar tissue by heating and removing the top skin tissue which stimulate the skin to tighten up, thereby rendering scars less visible.

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This type of laser treatment is used to treat keloids or raised scars by flattening and reducing itchiness by preventing redness of skin. However, ablative laser resurfacing injures skin during treatment and skin may remain red for several months.

During the healing period, care has to be taken not to infect the wound. The procedure usually requires multiple treatments and results will only become apparent over a year after the last laser treatment. The patient has to endure several months of discomfort with sensitive skin and cover the red appearance with skin foundation.

Non-ablative laser treatment stimulates changes in the skin without injuring the epidermis. This kind of laser treatment works for less severe acne scarring. It works by heating the sebaceous gland to reduce sebum production and stimulates collagen to fill depressed areas. Non-ablative laser treatment is popular as it has few side effects and recovery is fast.

Laser treatment for acne scars can have varying success in results. Always consult your dermatologist who will conduct a full medical analysis based on your medical history, the condition and location of scars among other factors before deciding a suitable type of acne scar treatment.

Since acne scar laser treatment often requires multiple sessions of treatment, the cost can be quite high, running into several thousand dollars for the entire treatment period. Results also vary with each individual not only because the nature or severity of the acne scars differs for each person, but also that different people react differently to the treatment. Some who are lucky have skin that heals well while others may see little improvement or worse skin condition after treatment.

Expectations of perfect skin after laser treatment are unrealistic. Skin is very unlikely to heal to the point of original flawless skin. At best, acne scars are minimised and lightened to give an improved appearance. Perhaps the best remedy is to seek medical attention early before acne problems take root. This will reduce chances of permanent acne scarring which even acne scar laser treatment may not be able to get rid of satisfactorily.

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